USDA Report Lowers Expected Yields

September 16, 2019

USDA REPORT LOWERS EXPECTED YIELDS

The September 12 USDA Crop Report slightly lowered the projected U.S. average corn and soybean yields for 2019, as compared to the August National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) yield estimates. The USDA yield estimates were based on U.S. crop conditions as of September 1st; however, the NASS projections do not agree with that analysis of U.S. crop conditions by many private crop and marketing analysts. Many of the private analysts cite excess moisture and poor early season growing conditions in portions of Southwest Minnesota and South Dakota, along with a large portion of the Eastern Corn Belt, as reasons for concerns with the 2019 USDA corn yield projections.

 

The September 12 USDA Report projects the 2019 national average corn yield at 168.2 bushels per acre, which is a decrease of 1.3 bushels per acre from the August estimate. At this yield level, the 2019 U.S. corn yield would be well below the 2018 national average corn yield of 176.4 bushels per acre, as well as the record U.S. average corn yield of 176.6 bushels per acre in 2017. Private grain marketing analysts have been predicting the average U.S. corn yield to be near 166-167 bushels per acre. Interestingly in 2018, USDA projected the average U.S. corn yield at 181.3 bushels per acre on September 12, and the final national average yield was 176.4 bushels per acre. Total U.S. corn production for 2019 is estimated at 13.8 billion bushels, compared to 14.4 billion bushels in 2018.

 

The USDA Report on September 12 estimated total 2019 U.S. soybean production at just over 3.63 billion bushels, which would be a 20 percent reduction from the 2018 soybean production of 4.54 billion bushels. USDA lowered the projected the 2019 U.S. average soybean yield to 47.9 bushels per acre, compared to 48.5 bushels per acre in August. The 2019 NASS soybean yield estimates compare to 51.6 bushels per acre in 2018, 49.1 bushels per acre in 2017, and the national record yield of 52 bushels per acre in 2016. The USDA 2019 soybean yield projection is just slightly above the yield estimates by grain trading analysts.

 

USDA is estimating Minnesota’s 2019 average corn yield at 171 bushels per acre, which is well below the 2018 yield of 182 bushels per acre and record State average corn yield of 194 bushels per acre in 2017. USDA is projecting Iowa’s 2019 average corn yield at 191 bushel per acre, which is also below the average yield of 196 bushels per acre in 2018, and well below the 202 bushel per acre yield in 2017 and the record State average corn yield of 203 bushels per acre in 2016.

 

The 2019 USDA corn yield estimates for the other major corn producing States are Illinois at 180 bushels per acre, compared to 210 bushels per acre in 2018; Indiana at 161 bushels per acre, compared to 189 bushels per acre in 2018; and Nebraska at 186 bushels per acre, compared to 192 bushels per acre in 2018; South Dakota’s projected 2019 corn yield is 156 bushels per acre, compared to 160 bushels per acre in 2018; North Dakota at 145 bushels per acre, compared to 153 bushels per acre in 2018; and Wisconsin at 163 bushels per acre, compared to 172 bushels per acre in 2018.

 

USDA is projecting Minnesota’s 2019 average soybean yield at 45 bushels per acre, which compares to 50.5 bushels per acre in 2018, 47 bushels per acre in 2017 and the record State soybean yield of 52.5 bushels per acre in 2016. Iowa is projected to have a 2019 soybean yield of 54 bushels per acre in 2019, compared to 57 bushels per acre in 2018, 56.5 bushels per acre in 2017 and the State record of 60.5 bushels per acre in 2016.

 

Other projected 2019 yields in major soybean producing States include Illinois at 53 bushels per acre, compared to 65 bushels per acre in 2018; Indiana at 49 bushels per acre, compared to 58.5 bushels per acre in 2018; and Nebraska at 58 bushels per acre, compared to 59 bushels per acre in 2018. The estimated 2019 soybean yield for South Dakota is 44 bushels per acre, compared to 46 bushels per acre in 2018; with North Dakota at 35 bushels per acre, compared to 35.5 bushels per acre in 2018; and Wisconsin at 47 bushels per acre, compared 49 bushels per acre in 2018. Total 2019 harvested soybean acres in Minnesota, North and South Dakota is estimated at 15.9 million acres, which is down considerably from over 20 million acres in 2018.

 

SEPTEMBER 12 WASDE REPORT

The updated USDA World Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) released on September 12 included the projected decrease in the 2019 U.S. corn yield and the total 2019 U.S. corn production. The report also showed slight increase in expected corn usage for ethanol during 2019-20 marketing year, but a slight decrease in corn used for feed and in corn exports, as compared to 2018-19 levels. Corn ending stocks for 2019-20 are now projected at 2.19 billion bushels, which is down from over 2.4 billion bushels in 2018-19. Interestingly, USDA projected the 2018-19 corn ending stocks at just under 1.8 billion bushels a year ago in September. The 2019-20 corn stocks-to-use ratio is now estimated at 15.5 percent, which would be down slightly from the previous two years.

 

USDA is projecting the average on-farm corn price for the 2019-20 marketing year, which runs from September 1, 2019, through August 31, 2020, to be near $3.60 per bushel, which is the same as the August price estimate. The 2018-19 national average corn price, which will be finalized on September 30, 2019, is also estimated at $3.60 per bushel, which compares to national average prices of $3.36 per bushel for both 2017-18 and 2016-17, $3.61 per bushel for 2015-16, and $3.70 per bushel for 2014-15.

 

The recent WASDE report projected 2019-20 soybean ending stocks at 640 million bushels, which is a decline of 115 million bushels from the August estimate. The projected 2019-20 soybean ending stocks would represent a 36 percent decline from the estimated 2018-19 ending stocks of just over 1 billion bushels; however, the 2019-20 level would still be well above the 2017-18 ending stocks of 395 million bushels. Both soybean crush bushels and soybeans for export in 2019-20 are projected to increase slightly compared to a year earlier; however, total soybean demand for 2019-20 is only expected to increase by 24 million bushels, compared to 2018-19 levels. The projected reduced level of soybean carryover would result in an estimated stocks-to-use ratio of just over 15 percent, which is down significantly from near 25 percent for the 2018-19 marketing year.

 

USDA is now projecting the average on-farm soybean price for the 2019-20 marketing year to be near $8.40 per bushel. Even though the September soybean ending stocks numbers were somewhat positive, the September price estimate stayed the same as the August national average estimate of $8.40 per bushel. The 2018-19 final national average soybean price estimate is $8.50 per bushel, which compares to national average prices of $9.33 for 2017-18, of $9.47 per bushel for 2016-17, $8.95 per bushel in 2015-16, and $10.10 per bushel in 2014-15.

 

**********************************************************************************

Note — For additional information contact Kent Thiesse, Farm Management Analyst and Senior

Vice President, MinnStar Bank, Lake Crystal, MN. (Phone — (507) 381-7960);

E-mail — kent.thiesse@minnstarbank.com) Web Site — http://www.minnstarbank.com/

 

Categories:

Blog Focus on Ag
Previous Next